I weight my grades according to skill area; reading, listening, speaking, writing, and culture. Each area accounts for about 20% of the overall grade. All of the points my students earn come from assessments. I assign homework and classwork, but do not give points for doing it. I want to make sure that their grades truly reflect their mastery of the standards.
Currently, to align with other teacher of same language in school, grades are weighted as follows: 5% final/midterm assessment, 35% homework/formative assessment, 60% unit exams/summative assessments. However, I would like to change that to reflect modes of communication and project work so that students can show their mastery of skills and progress in proficiency.
I use a total point system for grades. I try to limit my trimester point total to as close to 100 points. This usually includes one or two formal assessments, written or oral, (20 points), 1 pronunciation assessment (20 points), and various other mini-assessments. When I rarely assign homework, it is worth 1 point. Most everything else I grade is graded on a 5 point scale. This also me to give 5 for A+, 4.5 for a A, 4 for a B, 3.5 for a C, etc. There is no spilitting hairs between 85% or 83%. The assessments are graded on a rubric of 4 categories at 5 points each. You can check out our sample rubrics here.-SpanishPlans
I count everything once and performance assessments twice. Additionally, my school follows semesters with three grading terms. Each term is weighted at 30% and the final exam counts 10% of the overall grade.
I use Power Grading, a form of standards-based grading. So instead of using the products students create as determiners for grades, I record the level of the student in various skills: 30% writing, 30% speaking, 15% listening comprehension, 15% reading comprehension, and 10% cultural knowledge. Writing and speaking include student examples of both presentational and interpersonal communication.